Select 12 Harappa Script inscriptions, metalcasting work catalogues

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Thanks to Tom van Bakel for collating the select inscriptions. I suggest the following Meluhha rebus readings.

s5Seal with Akkadian script and an Indus animal. in a private collection. Image Mark Kenoyer.Translation of Massimo Vidale.Published: See:newswatch.nationalgeographic.com/2013/04/17/revealing-indias-ancient-art-andinventions/ Akkadian cuneiform inscription reads: “The devotee of Nin-Ildum, son of Dog.” Hieroglyphs: buffalo, crucible. rango ‘buffalo’ rebus: rango ‘pewter’ koThAricrucible‘ Rebus: koThAri ‘treaurer, warehouse’; kuThAru ‘armourer’.

s6Seal and impression (BM 123059), from an antique dealer, Baghdad; script and motif of a bull mating with a cow; the tuft at the end of the tail of the cow is summarily shaped like an arrow-head; inscription is of five characters, most prominent among them the two ‘men’ standing side by side. To the right of these is a damaged ‘fish’ sign.cf. Gadd 1932: no.18; Parpola, 1994, p.219. ranku ‘fornication’ rebus: ranku ‘tin’ dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS med ‘body’ rebus: med ‘iron’.  śrēṣṭrīladder‘ Rebus: seṭh ʻhead of a guild’.

s7British Museum number: 122187Description: Circular light grey glazed steatite stamp seal; base engraved with design of a bull facing right, with single-line inscription in Indus script above; roughly conical grooved button boss on top; hole pierced through base of button bosson; broken one side with section missing. Culture/period: Indus Civilisation (?)
Excavated/Findspot: Asia,Iraq,South Iraq,Ur (city – archaic) Materials: steatite Technique: pierced, glazed, engraved Dimensions: Diameter: 25 millimetres

med ‘body’ rebus: med ‘iron’.PLUS kānḍanotch‘ Rebus: khānḍa ‘tools’ ranku ‘antelope’ rebus: ranku ‘tin’  śrēṣṭrīladder‘ Rebus: seṭh ʻhead of a guild’.ayo ‘fish’ rebus: aya ‘iron’ ayas ‘metal alloy’kānḍa ‘arrow’ rebus: khānḍa ‘tools’ barad, balad ‘ox’ rebus: bharat ‘alloy of pewter, copper, tin’.

s8 Drawing of Guld Type seals with Indus text and bull motif found in Early Dilmun burial mounds on Bahrain.Published: The westward transmission of Indus Valley sealing technology: origin and development of the ´Gulf Type´ seal and other administrative technologies in Early Dilmun, c.2100-200 BC:page 111.

gaNDa ‘four’ rebus: kaNDa ‘tools’ PLUS kolom ‘three’ rebus: kolami ‘smithy, forge’

ayo ‘fish’ rebus: aya ‘iron’ ayas ‘metal alloy’

dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS med ‘body’ rebus: med ‘iron’.

med ‘body’ rebus: med ‘iron’.PLUS kānḍanotch‘ Rebus: khānḍa ‘tools’

koda ‘one’ rebus: koD ‘workshop’.

s10 https://sites.google.com/site/kalyan97/epigraphica-sarasvati Indus Script Cipher 3/3

dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS med ‘body’ rebus: med ‘iron’.

mũh, muhã ‘ingot’ or muhã ‘quantity of metal produced at one time in a native smelting furnace.’PLUS kolom ‘three’ rebus: kolami ‘smithy, forge’

koḍa ‘sluice‘; Rebus: koḍ ‘workshop’

sangaDa ‘lathe, portable furnace’ rebus: samgara ‘manager’

In Harappa (Indus) Script, two hieroglyphs signify kunda ‘fine gold’ and karba ‘iron’. The hieroglyphs read rebus in Meluhha words are:  खोंड (p. 122khōṇḍa m A young bull, a bullcalf) one-horned young bull and karb ‘culm of millet’ (Punjabi), respectively. (NOTE: कोंद kōnda ‘engraver, lapidary setting or infixing gems’ is a phonetic variant of a worker with gold and lathe: kunda ‘fine gold, lathe.’ खोंड  [khōṇḍa] m A young bull, a bullcalf. (Marathi) खोंडा [khōṇḍā] m A कां बळा of which one end is formed into a cowl or hood; खोंडरूं (p. 216) [ khōṇḍarūṃ ] n A contemptuous form of खोंडा in the sense of कांबळा -cowl. (Marathi) khōṇḍa A tree of which the head and branches are broken off, a stock or stump Rebus: kõdār ‘turner’ (Bengali); kõdā ‘to turn in a lathe’ (Bengali). koḍiya ‘rings on neck‘, koḍ ‘horn’ rebus: koḍ ‘workshop’. కోడియ (p. 326kōḍiya కోడె (p. 326kōḍe  [Tel.] n. A bullcalf. kodeduda. A young bull (Telugu) (NOTE: the hieroglyph is a hypertext composed of young bull, one horn, pannier (a कां बळा ‘sack’ of which one end is formed into a cowl or hood), rings on neck.)

Standard device and gold fillet with standard device as hieroglyphs of Harappa Script. Lathe is part of the hypertext (together with a portable furnace, dotted circles) normally shown in front of a young bull on Harappa (Indus) inscriptions as a phonetic determinant of kunda ‘lathe’ rebus:kundār ‘lathe-worker’ AND kunda, kundaṇa ‘fine gold’).

kunda m. ʻ a turner’s lathe ʼ lex. [Cf. *cunda — 1]N. kũdnu ʻ to shape smoothly, smoothe, carve, hew ʼ, kũduwā ʻ smoothly shaped ʼ; A. kund ʻ lathe ʼ, kundiba ʻ to turn and smooth in a lathe ʼ, kundowā ʻ smoothed and rounded ʼ; B. kũd ʻ lathe ʼ, kũdākõdā ʻ to turn in a lathe ʼ; Or. kū˘nda ʻ lathe ʼ, kũdibākū̃d° ʻ to turn ʼ (→ Drav. Kur. kū̃d ʻ lathe ʼ); Bi. kund ʻ brassfounder’s lathe ʼ; H. kunnā ʻ to shape on a lathe ʼ, kuniyā m. ʻ turner ʼ, kunwā m. kundakara — .(CDIAL 3295) kundakara m. ʻ turner ʼ W. [Cf. *cundakāra — : kunda — 1, kará — 1] A. kundār, B. kũdār°ri, Or. kundāru; H. kũderā m. ʻ one who works a lathe, one who scrapes ʼ, °rī f., kũdernā ʻ to scrape, plane, round on a lathe ʼ.(CDIAL 3297)

కుందనము (p. 289) kundanamu kundanamu. [Tel.] n. Solid gold, fine gold. అపరంజి. అపరంజి (p. 62) aparañji aparanji. [Skt.] n. Fine refined gold. కుందనము, పదివన్నె బంగారు, ఉదిరి. అపరంజి (p. 1397) aparañji [H. from Arabic Afran -jiya which means ‘ foreign ‘ and perhaps originates in that word which is derived from ‘ foraneus, ‘ external.] n. Fine gold. అపరంజికాను lit. ‘ foreign coin.’ A Venetian sequin. ఉదిరి (p. 157) udiri  [Tel.] adj. Fine, pure. Refined. తప్తము, ఉదరి బంగారు fine gold అపరంజి R. vii. 184.  పదియార్వన్నె పసిండి fine gold. குந்தனம் kuntaṉam , n. < T. kundanamu. 1. Interspace for enchasing or setting gems in a jewel; இரத்தினம் பதிக்கும் இடம். குந்தனத்தி லழுத்தின . . . ரத்தினங்கள் (திவ். திருநெடுந். 21, வ்யா. பக். 175). 2. Gold, fine gold; தங்கம். (சங். அக.) “Sequin (the French form of Ital. zecchinozecchino d’oro), the name of a Venetian gold coin, first minted about 1280, and in use until the fall of the Venetian Republic. It was worth about nine shillings. It bore on the obverse a figure of St Mark blessing the banner of the republic, held by a kneeling doge, and on the reverse a figure of Christ. Milan and Genoa also issued gold sequins. The word in Italian was formed from zecca, Span. zeca, a mint, an adaptation of Arabic sikka, a die for coins. In the sense of “newly-coined,” the Hindi or Persian sikka, anglicised sicca, was specifically used of a rupee, containing more silver than the East India Company’s rupee, coined in 1793 by the Bengal government. ” (1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica). Ta. kuntaṉam interspace for setting gems in a jewel; fine gold (< Te.). Ka. kundaṇa setting a precious stone in fine gold; fine gold; kundana fine gold. Tu. kundaṇpure gold. Te. kundanamu fine gold used in very thin foils in setting precious stones; setting precious stones with fine gold.(DEDR 1725)

s11 epigraphica__56e76ce7.jpg https://plus.google.com/photos/109878381697929222636/albums/5246933756700426321?
banner=pwa&authkey=CM29nvepj-KgFQ

dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS med ‘body’ rebus: med ‘iron’.

dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS gaNDa ‘four’ rebus: khaNDa ‘tools’

barad, balad ‘ox’ rebus: bharata ‘alloy of pewter, copper, tin’

s12Impression and drawing of Gulf Type seals with Indus text and bull motif found in Early Dilmun burial mounds on Bahrain. Published: The westward transmission of Indus Valley sealing technology: origin and development of the ´Gulf Type´ seal and other administrative technologies in Early Dilmun, c.2100-200 BC: page 111

dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS med ‘body’ rebus: med ‘iron’.

koda ‘one’ rebus: koD ‘workshop’.

tri-dhA ‘three strands’ rebus: tri-dhAtu ‘three mineral ores’

ayo ‘fish’ rebus: aya ‘iron’ ayas ‘metal alloy’

  1. s13

Published: frontline.in/arts-and-culture/heritage/an-early-metropolis/article7053426.ece Kalibangan

dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS gaNDa ‘four’ rebus: kaNDa ‘tools’ PLUS kolom ‘three’ rebus: kolami ‘smithy, forge’. Thus, metal casting smithy.

dula ‘two’ rebus; dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS Ku. N. dã̄t (< *dã̄d in N. dã̄de ʻ harrow rebus: dhatu ‘mineral ore’.

dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ kāmaṭhum a bow rebus: kammaTa ‘mint, coiner, coinage’

s14

https://sites.google.com/site/kalyan97/epigraphica-sarasvati Indus Script Cipher 3/3

dhatu ‘scarf’ rebus: dhatu ‘mineral ore’

In Harappa (Indus) Script, two hieroglyphs signify kunda ‘fine gold’ and karba ‘iron’. The hieroglyphs read rebus in Meluhha words are:  खोंड (p. 122khōṇḍa m A young bull, a bullcalf) one-horned young bull and karb ‘culm of millet’ (Punjabi), respectively. (NOTE: कोंद kōnda ‘engraver, lapidary setting or infixing gems’ is a phonetic variant of a worker with gold and lathe: kunda ‘fine gold, lathe.’ खोंड  [khōṇḍa] m A young bull, a bullcalf. (Marathi) खोंडा [khōṇḍā] m A कां बळा of which one end is formed into a cowl or hood; खोंडरूं (p. 216) [ khōṇḍarūṃ ] n A contemptuous form of खोंडा in the sense of कांबळा -cowl. (Marathi) khōṇḍa A tree of which the head and branches are broken off, a stock or stump Rebus: kõdār ‘turner’ (Bengali); kõdā ‘to turn in a lathe’ (Bengali). koḍiya ‘rings on neck‘, koḍ ‘horn’ rebus: koḍ ‘workshop’. కోడియ (p. 326kōḍiya కోడె (p. 326kōḍe  [Tel.] n. A bullcalf. kodeduda. A young bull (Telugu) (NOTE: the hieroglyph is a hypertext composed of young bull, one horn, pannier (a कां बळा ‘sack’ of which one end is formed into a cowl or hood), rings on neck.)

sangaDa ‘lathe, portable furnace’ rebus: samgara ‘manager’

s16Https://sites.google.com/site/kalyan97/epigraphica-sarasvati
Indus Script Cipher 3/3 plus.google.com/photos/109878381697929222636/album/5246913371543316545/5246916933470923746?authkey=CIKh5u2Ko4e9yAE

kolsa = to kick the foot forward, the foot to come into contact with anything rebus: kol ‘working in iron’ ‘blacksmith’

rango ‘buffalo’ rebus: rango ‘pewter’

karA ‘crocodile’ rebus: khAr ‘blacksmith’

kamaDha ‘penance’ rebus: kammaTa ‘mint, coiner, coinage’ PLUS kūdī, kūṭī bunch of twigs (Sanskrit) Rebus: kuṭhi ‘smelting furnace’ (Santali)

s16akarabha ‘elephant’ rebus: karba ‘iron’ kola ‘woman’ rebus: kol ‘working in iron’ kolhe ‘jackal’ rebus: kolhe ‘wmelter’ eraka ‘knave of wheel’ rebus: erako ‘moltencast’ arA ‘spoke’ rebus: Ara ‘brass’.

s17Growing in a Foreign World: For a History of the “Meluha Villages” in Mesopotamia in the 3rd Millenium BC | Harappa Impression of an Indus-style cylinder seal of unknown Near Eastern origin in the Musee du Louvre, Paris. One of the two anthropomorphic figures carved on this seal wears the horns of water buffalo while sitting on a throne with hoofed legs, surrounded by snakes, fishes and water buffaloes. Copyrighted photo by M. Chuzeville for the Departement des antiquites orientales, Musee duLouvre.  http://www.harappa.com/script/parpola0.html (Note 11) eruvai ‘eagle’ rebus: eruvai ‘copper’ ayo ‘fish’ rebus: aya ‘iron’ ayas ‘metal alloy’ rango ‘buffalo’ rebus: rango ‘pewter’ PLUS dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ goṭa ‘numerative particle, round pebble’ rebus: goṭa ‘laterite, ferrite ore’  miṇḍāl ‘markhor‘ (Tōrwālī) meḍho a merchant; meD ‘iron’ kuThi ‘tree’ rebus: kuThi ‘smelter’ kolmo ‘rice plant’ rebus: kolami ‘smithy, forge’ kola ‘tiger’ rebus: kol ‘working in iron’s21s21a

Published:lus.google.com/photos/109878381697929222636

meḍhi, miḍhī, meṇḍhī  = a plait in a woman’s hair; a plaited or twisted strand of hair (P.) rebus: meḍ ‘iron’ med ‘copper’ (Mu.Ho.Slavic) kuṭipudendum muliebre‘ rebus: kuṭhi ‘smelter’PLUS karA ‘crocodile’ rebus: khAr ‘blacksmith’ dula ‘two’ rebus: dul ‘metal casting’ PLUS kola ‘tiger’ rebus: kol ‘working in iron, blacksmith’

Text message: koDi ‘flag’ rebus: koD ‘workshop’ manDA ‘platform’ rebus: maNDA ‘warehouse’ karNaka, kankha ‘rim of jar’ rebus: karNI ‘supercargo’ ranku ‘liquid measure’ rebus: ranku ‘tin’ kolmo ‘rice plant’ rebus: kolami ‘smithy, forge’ kuṭi ‘water-carrier’ rebus: kuṭhi ‘smelter’

Source: Seals selected by Tom van Bakel https://www.academia.edu/9066925/About_romantic_couples_depicted_on_Indus_seals

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