Drummer Harappa Script hieroglyph & metallic timbre in Hindu musical tradition

Mirror: http://tinyurl.com/hch5yf4

Rythmic tones produced by an ancient percussion instrument called mŗdangam Samskrtam: मृदङ्गं Kannada: ಮೃದಂಗ, Odia: ମୃଦଙ୍ଗ is comparable to ḍhakka the drum played by Siva Nataraja, the cosmic dancer, produces शिवसूत्रजालम्, rythm of language & metallic timbre. Why is it so-called? There is an etymological reason traceable to Meluhha of Harappa (Indus) Script rebus representation on a Mohenjo-daro seal.

drummer1m1406 seal

Harappa (Indus) Script hieroglyph on m1406 Mohenjo-daro seal: मेढा   [mēḍh ] A stake, esp. as forked. 2 A dense arrangement of stakes, a palisade, a paling. 3A twist or tangle arising in thread or cord, a curl or snarl.(Marathi) Rebus: mŗda ‘iron’ meḍ ‘iron, copper’ (Munda. Slavic) dhollu ‘drummer’ (Western Pahari) Rebus: dul ‘cast metal’ dhAtu ‘strands of rope’ Rebus: dhAtu ‘mineral, metal, ore’ See: http://tinyurl.com/zx74efb Ancient percussion instrument मृदङ्गं = mŗda ‘iron’ (ferric oxide powder) + anga ‘body’, metallic timbre traceable to Indus Script Corpora.  Mridanga achieves its rythm and metallic timbre because of the following parts which are a small aperture on the right and a wider aperture on the left: “The smaller membrane, when struck, produces higher pitched sounds with a metallic timbre. The wider aperture produces lower pitched sounds. The goat skin covering the smaller aperture is anointed in the center with a black disk made of rice flour, ferric oxide powder and starch. This black tuning paste is known as the satham or karanai and gives the mridangam its distinct metallic timbre.” The use of ferric oxide power to produce the metallic timbre gives the drum instrument its name: mŗda ‘iron’ + anga ‘part’, i.e. iron part. The evolution of this drum is traceable to the ‘drummer’ hypertexts of Harappa (Indus) Script which signify cast iron dul मृदु mṛdu, mẽṛhẽt, meḍ ‘cast iron’.

drum4Krishna playing flute, Belur, Karnataka

3Daramaru, flute players and dancer

6Naga Veena

Related imageNaga Veena

1Sarasvati plays Veena

11Drummer plays dhakka, Idakka  or  Muraja

10Veena, Dhakka players

Source: https://neelanjana.wordpress.com/category/flute/

Bhaira Siva. Damaru. Veena. Guimet Museum.

Image result for nataraj drum dhakkaSiva Nataraja. Cosmic dance to the rhythm of the dhakka (drum)

“The silent Siva remains still [as Daksinamurti]. But the same Siva [in another form of his] keeps dancing all the time and it was from his dance that the science of language was born…The fourteen sounds produced by Nataraja’s drum are the means by which the reality of Siva is to be known and experienced within us in all its plenitude. Nandikesvara has commented upon the fourteen sounds in his Sivabhaktisutra.
The fourteen sounds are recited at the upakarma ceremony. Since they emanated from the drum of Mahesvara(Nataraja), they are called “Mahesvarasutras”. Human beings can produce only inarticulate sounds on the musical instruments played by them. The hand of Paramesvara is verily the Nadabrahman and Sabdabrahaman incarnate, so his cappu on the damaruka at the conclusion of his tandava sounded as a series(garland) of fourteen letters:
1. a i un; 2. rlk; 3. e on; 4. ai auc; 5. hayavarat; 6. lan; 7. nama nana nam; 8. jha bha n; 9. gha da dha s; 10. ja ba ga da da s; 11. kha pha cha tha tha catatav; 12. kapay; 13. sa sa sar; 14. hal-iti Mahesvarani sutrani. ” https://rsachi.wordpress.com/category/the-origin-of-music-sanskrit-grammar-shiva-siva-drum-cosmic-dance-sage-of-kanchi-prambanan-indonesia/

Parambanan. Indonesia. Music ensemble.

Image result for karen drum musical guimet

Karen Bronze Drum. Guimet Museum.

Bronze Drum. Dong Son. Metmuseum.

Bronze Drum. Dong Son. Guimet Museum.


Playing drums, shalabhanjikas at Belur, Karnatakadrum3Column , Natya mandapa at Sun temple Konark, Odisha showing female musicians under tree canopies with musical instruments.

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