Bhārata people identity – ऋग्वेदः, महाभारतम्, वाचस्पत्यम्, शब्दकल्पद्रुमः

 

Mirror: http://tinyurl.com/j8q7p4e

This is a brief narrative from Book 10 Sauptikaparvan of Mahabharata, the Great Epic itihāsa of Bhārtam Janam (an expression used by Rishi Visvamitra in RV 3.53.12).

I suggest that the elucidations of ancient traditions and texts cited in वाचस्पत्यम्, शब्दकल्पद्रुमः related to the significance of expressions, semantics of BhārataBhārtam Janam as they evolved in space and time (which are embedded in this monograph) should become integral parts of Cultural history and Civiizational narratives of Eurasia.

भारत as perceived by Visvamitra is cognate with  1. भारत episodes and narratives of the Great Epic and 2 .panca janah Aditi of Taitt. Sam. 7.6.1.1

Pañcha-janāḥ (Rv, 1.89.10; 3.37.9; 5.9.8; etc.), भारत and म्लेच्छ mleccha are the most frequently mentioned groups or collectives of people in the Veda texts and in the Great Epic, महाभारतम्. These are narratives related to the people of भरतवर्ष –and abbreviated synonyms or semantic variants of the expression: Bhārtam Janam. In the days of the Rigveda, these Bhārtam Janam had gained proficiency in working with metals and alloys, creating metal sculptures using cire perdue techniques, producing tools, pots and pans, weapons of metal and spoked-wheel chariots. In the days related to the events narrated in महाभारतम्. which expanded the Tin-Bronze Age into the Iron Age, a framework for social regulation and creation of the rashtram was outlined, consistent with the ideas formulated in Vagdevi Suktam of Rigveda (aham rashtrii samgamani vasuunaam..)

The narratives of महाभारतम् related to material aspects of lives of people correlate with the archaeological finds of over 2000 sites on the banks of Vedic River Sarasvati. The archaeological finds attest the continuum of Veda cultural traditions exemplified by 1. the performance of Soma SamsthA YAgas and 2. metalwork contributions of the people during the Bronze Age, recorded on over 8000 Harappa (Indus) Script inscriptions which are metalwork catalogues. The continued use of Harappa (Indus) Script hieroglyphs/hypertexts as signifiers of metalwork during the Coinage period is attested in tens of thousands of punch-marked and cast coins of the civilization. Across the entire civilization area from Takshasila to Anuradhapura, punch-mark symbols are derived from Harappa (Indus) Script hieroglyphs/hypertexts. 

This narrative of Sauptikaparvan of महाभारतम् is of fundamental significance in defining the weltanschauung, the value-frame of Bhārtam Janam in reference to dharma, ‘performance of duties’ and  daiva, ‘fate’ which impacts material, wealth-creating activities and lend meaning to ‘being’ and ‘becoming’.

भारत [p= 753,1] mf(ई)n. descended from भरत or the भरतs (applied to अग्नि either ” sprung from the priests called भरतs ” or ” bearer of the oblation “) RV. &c; belonging or relating to the भरतs (with युद्ध n. संग्राम m. समर m. समिति f. the war or battle of the भरतs ; with or scil. आख्यानn. with इतिहास m. and कथा f. the story of the भरतs , the history or narrative of their war ; with or scil. मण्डल n. or वर्ष n. ” king भरतs’s realm ” i.e. India) MBh. Ka1v. &c; inhabiting भरत-वर्ष i.e. India BhP. 

Metalwork hypertexts/hieroglyphs rendered rebus in Harappa (Indus) Script inscriptions: balad  m. ox , gng.bald , (Ku.)barad , id. (Nepali. Tarai) Rebus: bharat (5 copper, 4 zinc and 1tin)(Punjabi) Rebus: bharata ‘alloy of copper, pewter, tin’ (Marathi) bhāraṇ = to bring out froma kiln (G.) bāraṇiyo = one whose profession it is to sift ashes or dust in a goldsmith’s workshop(G.lex.) In the Punjab, the mixed alloys were generally called, bharat (5 copper, 4 zinc and 1 tin).In Bengal, an alloy called bharan or toul was created by adding some brass or zinc into purebronze. bharata = casting metals in moulds; bharavum = to fill in; to put in; to pour into (G.lex.) Bengali. ভরন  [ bharana ] n an inferior metal obtained from an alloy of coper, zinc andtin.baran, bharat ‘mixed alloys’ (5 copper, 4 zinc and 1 tin) (Punjabi)ixed alloys’ (5 copper, 4 zinc and 1 tin) (Punjabi)

भारत  m. fire L. n. the story of the भरतs and their wars (sometimes identified with the महा-भारत , and sometimes distinguished from it) MBh. Ra1jat. IW. 371 n. 1 and 2

सौप्तिक mfn. (fr. सुप्त) connected with or relating to sleep , nocturnal Mr2icch. n. an attack on sleeping men , nocturnal combat MBh. R. Ka1m. Thus, the narrative in Book 10 is about sleeping men, an extraordinary metaphorical rendering of the inexorable phenomenon of daiva, ‘fate’.

भरतवर्ष न० ६ त० । भारते वर्षे ।भरतखण्ड कुमारिकाखण्डे “कुमारिकेति विख्याता यस्या नाम्ना प्रकथ्यते । इदं कुमारिकाखण्डं चतुर्वर्गफल-व्रदम् । यथा कृतावनीयञ्च नानाग्रामादिकल्पना ।इदं भरतखण्डश्च मया सम्यक् प्रकल्पितम्” स्कन्दपु० । https://sa.wikisource.org/wiki/वाचस्पत्यम्

 

Sanjaya said, “They had not proceeded far, O king, when they stopped, for they beheld a dense forest abounding with trees and creepers…At that hour, filled with grief and sorrow, Kritavarma and Kripa and Drona’s son all sat down together. Seated under that banyan, they began to give expression to their sorrow in respect of that very matter: the destruction that had taken place of both the Kurus and the Pandavas. Heavy with sleep, they laid themselves down on the bare earth. They had been exceedingly tired and greatly mangled with shafts. The two great car-warriors, Kripa and Kritavarma, succumbed to sleep. However deserving of happiness and undeserving of misery, they then lay stretched on the bare ground. Indeed, O monarch, those two who had always slept on costly beds now slept, like helpless persons, on the bare ground, afflicted with toil and grief…Drona’s son, however, O Bharata, yielding to the influence of wrath and reverence, could not sleep, but continued to breathe like a snake. Burning with rage, he could not get a wink of slumber. That hero of mighty arms cast his eyes on every side of that terrible forest.”Dhritarashtra asks Sanjaya: “What, however, did Kritavarma and Kripa and Drona’s son do after my son Duryodhana had been unfairly stuck down?”

http://sacred-texts.com/hin/m10/m10001.htm

Vaishampayana continues the narrative, addressing Yudhisthira:” O Pandava! The world once more became safe and sound. The gods assigned unto Mahadeva all the libations of clarified butter as the share of great deity. O monarch, when Mahadeva had become angry, the whole world had thus become agitated: when he became gratified everything became safe. Possessed of great energy, the god Mahadeva was gratified with Ashvatthama. It was for this that thy sons, those mighty car-warriors, could be slain by that warrior. It was for this that many other heroes, the Pancalas, with all their followers, could be slain by him. Thou shouldst not suffer thy mind to dwell on it. It was not Drona’s son that accomplished that act. It was done through the grace of Mahadeva. Do now what should next be done.” http://sacred-texts.com/hin/m10/m10018.htm

Book 10 called Sauptikaparva narrates  the inevitability of daiva, ‘fate’. The book recounts renunciation of throne of Hastinapur by Yudhisthira.

अश्वत्थामा, Aśvatthāmā is commander-in-chief of Duryodhana’s army and seeks to take revenge on Pandavas for the injustices done to Kauravas. He ends up killing the Upapandavas and Uttara.

The Pandavas including Draupadi, journey through the country before their final journey to heaven.

mbh1

136973-004-E93CD713Pandavas. Draupadi. Dashavatara temple, Deogarh, Rajasthan.

Image result for mahabharata bhimasvarga sculpture

Sculptures in hypertexts, metaphors of Candi Sukuh Java, Bhima Swarga iconographic metaphors of Bali compare with Indus Script metalwork heritage. Bhima is the smith producing a sword. Ganesa takes a dance-step. Arjuna works at the bellows.

The story of Bhima Swarga is painted around the ceiling of the Kertha Gosa Pavilion of 18thcent. at Klungkung, Bali, Indonesia. Bhima Swarga is referenced from the Mahabharata..The journey of aatman from hell to heaven narrated by Bhima Swarga (in Bali tradition) is ametaphor parallel to the Indus Script archives documenting production (purification) of metalfrom mere earth and stone through furnaces.The Candi Sukuh sculptures (in Java tradition) are also in the metalwork tradition documentingBhima and Arjuna as metalworkers.Bhima Swarga episodes are also signified on candi Sukuh sculptures with Indus Scriptmetalwork hieroglyphs and metaphors.

See: https://www.academia.edu/27144637/Sculptures_in_hypertexts_of_Candi_Sukuh_Java_Bhima_Swarga_iconographic_metaphors_of_Bali_compare_with_Indus_Script_metalwork_heritage

The total categories of people specifically named in the Great Epic number 850 (Appended list). Some typical names of groups of people are: Yavanas, Yadus, Yadavas, Vrishnis, Videhas, Vidarbhas, Vasatis, Vangas, (Bahlikas) Valhikas, Vahikas, Uttara-Kurus, Usinaras, Ulukas, Uddras, Tusharas, Trigartas, Tanganas, Swaitya, Surasenas, Srinjayas, Somakas, Sivis, Sindhus, Sinhalas, Sindhu-Sauviras, Satwatas, Samgakas, Samsaptakas, Salwas, Sakas, Saindhavas, Rohitakas, Pulindas, Pukkasas, Prabhadrakas, Paurava, Parvata, Paradas, Pandavas, Pancha-Nodas, Panchalas, Palhavas, Nishadas, Naimishas, Mlecchas, Matsyas, Marichipas, Manasas,  Malavas, Mahishakas, Magadhas, Madras, Madrakas, Madhu, Madhavas, Lokapalas, Kusikas, Kunti, Kulindas, Kumaras, Kurds, Kukkuras, Kshudrakas, Kosalas, Kiratas, Kichakas, Khasas, Khandavas, Kekayas, Kausikas, Keralas, Kauravas, Kasmiras, Kaunteyas, Karushas, Karushakas, Kapas, Kankas, Kanadas, Kamvojas, Kambojas, Kalingas, Kalikeyas, Kaikeyas, Kacchas, Jamvuvan, Ikshwaku, Hunas, Hansas, Haihayas, Govasanas, Gopas, Gautami, Gandharas, Ganas, Dravidas, Dasarnas, Dasarha, Darvabhiaras, Daradas, Dandakas, Chinas, Chedis, Cholas, Bhutas, Bhojas, Bhargas, Bharatas, Avantis, Artayani, Arattas, Aratta-Vahikas, Angas, Andhras, Anarttas, Amvashthas, Ailas, Agniswattas, Abhishahas, Abhiras

In all these names which indicative collective groups of people, the most dominant use occurs for Bharatas in the Great Epic, Mahabharata (Bharata 2261, Bharatas 418 and Bharata’s 668).

Thus, I suggest that the people identified as Bharatam Janam by Rishi Visvamitra (RV 3.53.12) refers to all the people in general, the Panca jana, ‘the collective of five peoples, i.e. people in general’. The expressions, pañca-pañca-janāh or pañca-janāh refer to a collective of people. It is not necessary to precisely delineate and identify the specific groups of people referred to in this collective category of ‘four’ or ‘five’ people. For e.g., an idiom in Tamil refers to nāluperfour persons’ in a general reference to the ‘people’ in general and in some specific instances refers to the four pall-bearers who carry the corpse to the cremation ground. So, the idiom is: nāluper enna colluvā? ‘What will four people say’ i.e. a reference to the general consensus of the people of the family circles whose opinion is the determinant of a value system, a norm in social parlance.

In the context of life-activities of the people of the Bronze Age, Bharatam Janam refers to metalcasters: bharata ‘alloy of copper, pewter, tin’.

 

In the context of frequent references to mleccha as people inhabiting Bharata Varsha in many islands and in many parts of Bharata, mleccha speakers (mlecchavAcas) constituted the speaker of the lingua france, Meluhha, who pronounced Samskritam words in the colloquial tongue with mispronunciations and variant spellings. Hence, the pronunciation variations recorded in the Indian Lexicon which is a compendium of over 8000 semantic clusters encompassing Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Mundarica streams, thus establishing the reality of Bharata sprachbund of the Bronze Age. Mleccha as the lingua franca, is attested by Manu and recognized by Bharata. These tongues are later categorized as Apabhrams’a or Apas’abda or as Desi in Hemacandra’s Desi NAmamAlA, a Prakritam lexicon.

भारतं, क्ली, (भरतान् भरतवंशीयानधिकृत्य कृतो ग्रन्थ इत्यण् । यद्बा, भारं चतुर्वेदादिशास्त्रे-भ्योऽपि सारांशं तनोतीति । तन् + डः ।)ग्रन्थभेदः । इति मेदिनी । ते, १३८ ॥ तत्तुव्यासप्रणीतलक्षश्लोकात्मकमहाभारतसंज्ञकेति-हासः । तस्य श्रवणादिफलं यथा, –“भारतं शृणुयान्नित्यं भारतं परिकीर्त्तयेत् ।भारतं भवने यस्य तस्य हस्तगतो जयः ॥यो गोशतं कनकशृङ्गमयं ददाति विप्राय वेदविदुषे सुबहुश्रुताय । पुण्याञ्च  भारतकथां शृणुयाच्च नित्यं तुल्यं फलं भवति तस्य च तस्य चैव ॥नवनीतं यथा दध्नो द्विपदां ब्राह्मणो यथा ।ह्रदानामुदधिः श्रेष्ठो गौर्वरिष्ठश्चतुष्पदाम् ।यथैतानीतिहासानां तथा भारतमुच्यते ॥यश्चैनं श्रावयेत् श्राद्धे ब्राह्मणान् पादमन्ततः ।अक्षय्यमन्नपानं वै पितॄंस्तस्योपतिष्ठते ॥इतिहासपुराणाभ्यां वेदं समुपबृंहयेत् ।बिभेत्यल्पश्रुताद्वेदो मामयं प्रहरिष्यति ॥कार्ष्णं वेदमिमं विद्वान् श्रावयित्वार्थमश्वुते ।भ्रूणहत्याकृतञ्चापि पापं जह्यादसंशयः ॥”इति महाभारतम् ॥ * ॥तद्वृत्तान्तो यथा, –ब्रह्मोवाच ।“भारतं संप्रवक्ष्यामि भारावतरणं भुवः ।चक्रे कृष्णो युध्यमानः पाण्डवादिनिमित्ततः ॥विष्णुनाभ्यब्जजो ब्रह्मा ब्रह्मपुत्त्रोऽत्रिरत्रितः ।सोमस्ततो बुधस्तस्मादुर्व्वश्यान्तु पुरोरवाः ॥तस्माद्यस्तस्य पुत्त्रोऽभूद्ययातिर्भरतः कुरुः ।शान्तनुस्तस्य वंशेऽभूद्गङ्गायां शान्तनोः सुतः ॥भीष्मः सर्व्वगुणैर्युक्तो ब्रह्मवैवर्त्तपारगः ।शान्तनोः सत्यवत्याञ्च द्वौ पुत्त्रौ संबभूवतुः ॥चित्राङ्गदन्तु गन्धर्व्वः पुत्त्रं चित्ररथोऽवधीत् ।अन्यो विचित्रवीर्य्योऽभूत् काशिराजसुतापतिः ॥विचित्रवीर्य्ये स्वर्याते व्यासात्तत्क्षेत्रतोऽभवत् ।धृतराष्ट्रोऽग्विकापुत्त्रः पाण्डुरम्बालिकासुतः ॥भुजिव्यायान्तु विदुरो गान्धार्य्यां धृतराष्ट्रतः ।दुर्य्योधनप्रधानास्तु शतसंख्या महाबलाः ॥पाण्डोः कुन्त्याञ्च  माद्य्राञ्च पञ्च पुत्त्राः प्रजज्ञिरे ।युधिष्ठिरो भीमसेनः अर्ज्जुनो नकुलस्तथा ।सहदेवश्च पञ्चैते महाबलपराक्रमाः ॥कुरुपाण्डवयोर्वैरं दैवयोगाद्बभूव ह ।दुर्य्योधनेन वीरेण पाण्डवाः स्रमुपद्रुताः ।दग्धा जतुगृहे वीरास्ते मुक्ताः सुधियामलाः ॥ततस्त एकचक्रायां ब्राह्मणस्य निवेशने ।विप्रवेशा महात्मानो निहत्य वकराक्षसम् ॥ततः पाञ्चालविषये द्रौपद्यास्ते स्वयंवरम् ।विज्ञाय वीर्य्यशुल्कां तां पाण्डवा उपयेमिरे ॥द्रोणभीष्मानुमत्या च धृतराष्ट्रः समानयत् ।अर्द्धं राज्यं ततः प्राप्ता इन्द्रप्रस्थे पुरोत्तमे ॥राजसूयं ततश्चक्रुः सभां कृत्वा यतव्रताः ।अर्ज्जुनो द्वारवत्यान्तु सुभद्रां प्राप्तवान् प्रियाम् ॥वासुदेवस्य भगिनीं मित्रं देवकिनन्दनम् ॥गाण्डीवं नाम तद्दिव्यं त्रिषु लोकेषु विश्रुतम् ।अक्षयान् शायकांश्चैव तथाभेद्यञ्च दंशनम् ॥स तेन धनुषा वीरः पाण्डवो जातवेदसम् ।कृष्णद्वितीयो वीभत्सुरतर्पयत वीर्य्यवान् ॥नृपान् दिग्विजये जित्वा रत्नान्यादाय वै ददौ ।युधिष्ठिराय महते भ्रात्रे नीतिविदे मुदा ॥युधिष्ठिरोऽपि धर्म्मात्मा भ्रातृभिः परिवारितः ।जितो दुर्य्योधनेनैव मायाद्यूतेन पापिना ।कर्णदुःशासनमते स्थितेन शकुनेर्मते ।अथ द्वादशवर्षाणि वने तेपुर्म्महत्तपः ॥सधौम्या द्रौपदीसत्या मुनिवृन्दाभिसंवृताः ।ययुर्विराटनगरं गुप्तरूपेण संस्थिताः ॥वर्षमेकं महाप्राज्ञा गोग्रहादिमपालयन् ।ततो ज्ञाताः स्वकं राष्ट्रं प्रार्थयामासुरादृताः ॥पञ्च ग्रामानर्द्धराज्यं वीरा दुर्य्योधनं नृपम् ।नाप्तवन्तः कुरुक्षेत्रे युद्धञ्चक्रुर्बलान्विताः ॥अक्षौहिणीभिर्दिव्याभिः सप्तभिः परिवारिताः ।एकादशभिरुद्युक्तास्तेऽपि दुर्य्योधनादयः ॥आसीद्युद्धं स्वर्गमार्गं देवासुरबलोपमम् ।भीष्मः सेनापतिरभूदादौ दौर्य्योधने बले ॥पाण्डवानां शिखण्डी च तयोर्युद्धं बभूव ह ।शस्त्राशस्त्रैर्महाघोरं दशरात्रं शराशनिः ॥शिखण्ड्यर्ज्जुनबाणैश्च भीष्मः शरशितैश्चितः ।उत्तरायणमीक्ष्याथ ध्यात्वा देवं गदाधरम् ॥उक्त्वा धर्म्मान् बहून् वर्षांस्तर्पयित्वा पितॄन्बहून् ।आनन्दे तु पदे लीनो विमले मुक्तकिल्विषे ॥ततो द्रोणो ययौ योद्धुं धृष्टद्युम्नेन वीर्य्यवान् ।दिनानि पञ्च द्युद्धमासीत् परमदारुणम् ॥य एते पृथिवीपाला हताः पार्थास्त्रसागरे ।शोकमासाद्य पुत्त्रेण द्रोणोऽपि स्वर्गमाप्नुयात् ॥ततः कर्णो ययौ योद्धुमर्ज्जुनेन महात्मना ।दिनद्वयं महद्युद्धं कृत्वा पार्थास्त्रसागरे ॥निमग्नः सूर्य्यलोकन्तु ततः प्राप स वीर्य्यवान् ।ततः शल्यो ययौ योद्धुं धर्म्मराजेन धीमता ॥दिनार्द्धेन हतः शल्यो बाणैर्ज्वलनसन्निभैः ।दुर्य्योधनोऽथ वेगेन गदामादाय वीर्य्यवान् ॥अभ्यधावत वै भीभं कालान्तकयमोपमम् ।अथ भीमेन वीरेण गदया विनिपातितः ॥अश्वत्थामा ततो द्रौणिः सुप्तं सैन्यं ततो निशि ।जघान बाहुवीर्य्येण पितुर्व्वधमनुस्मरन् ॥धृष्टद्युम्न जघानाथ द्रौपदेयांश्च वीर्य्यवान् ।द्रौपद्यां रोदमानायामश्वत्थाम्नः शिरोमणिम् ।ऐषीकास्त्रेण तं जित्वा जग्राहार्ज्जुन उत्तमम् ॥युधिष्ठिरः समाश्वास्य स्त्रीजनं शोकसङ्कुलम् ।स्नात्वा सन्तर्प्य देवांश्च पितॄनथ पितामहान् ।आश्वासितोऽथ भीष्मेण राज्यञ्चैवाकरोन्महत् ॥विष्णुमीजेऽश्वमेधेन विधिवद्दक्षिणावता ।राज्ये परिक्षितं स्थाप्य यादवानां विनाशनम् ॥श्रुत्वा तु मौषले राजा जप्त्वा नामसहस्रकम् ।विष्णोः स्वग जगामाथ भीमाद्यैर्भ्रातृभिर्युतः ॥”इति गारुडे १५० अध्यायः ॥ * ॥वर्षभेदः । इति मेदिनी ॥ स तु जम्बुद्वीपस्यनववंर्षान्तर्गतनवमवर्षः । तद्विवरणं यथा, –“उत्तरं यत् समुद्रस्य माद्रेश्चैव दक्षिणम् ।वर्षं तद्भारतं नाम भारती यत्र सन्ततिः ॥नवयोजनसाहस्रो विस्तारोऽस्य महामुने ! ।कर्म्मभूमिरियं स्वर्गमपवर्गञ्च गच्छताम् ॥महेन्द्रो मलयः सह्यः शुक्तिमानृक्षपर्व्वतः ।बिन्ध्यश्च पारिपात्रश्च सप्तात्र कुलपर्व्वताः ॥अतः संप्राप्यते स्वर्गो मुक्तिमस्मात् प्रयान्ति च ।तिर्य्यक्त्वं नरकं चापि यान्त्यतः पुरुषा मुने ! ॥इतः स्वर्गश्च मोक्षश्च मध्यञ्चान्तश्च गम्यते ।न खल्वन्यत्र मर्त्यानां कर्म्मभूमौ विधीयते ॥भारतस्यास्य वर्षस्य नव भेदान्निशामय ।इन्द्रद्वीपः कशेरुश्च ताम्रपर्णो गभस्तिमान् ॥नागद्वीपस्तथा सौम्यो गान्धर्व्वस्त्वथ वारुणः ।अयन्तु नवमस्तेषां द्वीपः सागरसंवृतः ॥योजनानां सहस्रन्तु द्बीपोऽयं दक्षिणोत्तरात् ।पूर्ब्बे किराता यस्यान्ते पश्चिमे यवनाः स्थिताः ॥ब्राह्मणाः क्षत्त्रिया वैश्या मध्ये शूद्राश्च भागशः ।इज्यायुद्धबणिज्याद्यैर्व्वर्त्तयन्तो व्यवस्थिताः ॥शतद्रुश्चन्द्रभागाद्या हिमवत्पादनिःसृताः ।वेदस्मृतिमुखाश्चान्याः पारिपात्रोद्भवा मुने ! ॥नर्म्मदासुरसाद्याञ्च नद्यो बिन्ध्यविनिःसृताः ।तापी पयोष्णी निर्विन्ध्याप्रमुखा ऋक्षसम्भवाः ॥गोदावरी भीमरथी कृष्णवेण्यादिकास्तथा ।सह्यपादोद्भवा नद्यः स्मृताः पापभयापहाः ॥कृतमाला ताम्रपर्णी प्रमुखा मलयोद्भवाः ।त्रिसामा ऋषिकुल्याद्या महेन्द्रप्रभवाः स्मृताः ॥ऋषिकुल्या कुमार्य्याद्याः शुक्तिमत्पादसम्भवाः ।आसां नद्युपनद्यश्च सन्त्यन्याश्च सहस्रशः ॥तास्विमे कुरुपाञ्चालमध्यदेशादयो जनाः ।पूर्ब्बदेशादिकाश्चैव कामरूपनिवासिनः ॥ओड्राः कलिङ्गा मगधा दाक्षिणात्याश्च कृत्-स्नशः ।तथापरान्ताः सौराष्ट्राः शूराभीरास्तथार्व्वुदाः ॥मारुका मालवाश्चैव पारिपात्रनिवासिनः ।सौवीराः सैन्धवा हूणाः शाल्वाः शाकल-वासिनः ॥मद्रा रामास्तथाम्बष्ठाः पारसीकादयस्तथा ।आसां पिबन्ति सलिलं वसन्ति सरितां सदा ॥समीपतो महाभाग ! हृष्टपुष्टजनाकुलाः ।चत्वारि भारते वर्षे युगान्यत्र महामुने ! ॥कृतं त्रेता द्वापरञ्च कलिश्चान्यत्र न क्वचित् ।तपस्तप्यन्ति यतयो जुह्वते चात्र यज्विनः ॥दानानि चात्र दीयन्ते परलोकार्थमादरात् ।पुरुषैर्यज्ञपुरुषो जम्बुद्बीपे सदेज्यते ॥यज्ञैर्यज्ञपतिर्विष्णुरन्यद्वीपेषु चान्यथा ।तत्रापि भारतं श्रेष्ठं जम्बुद्वीपे महामुने ! ॥यतो हि कर्म्मभूरेषा ततोऽन्या भोगभूमयः ।अत्र जन्मसहस्राणां सहस्रैरपि सत्तम ! ।कदाचिल्लभते जन्तुर्मानुष्यं पुण्यसञ्चयात् ॥गायन्ति देवाः किल गीतकानिधन्यास्तु ये भारतभूमिभागे ।स्वर्गापवर्गास्पदमार्गभूतेभवन्ति भूयः पुरुषाः सुरत्वात् ॥कर्म्माण्यसङ्कल्पिततत्फलानिसंन्यस्य विष्णौ परमात्मरूपे ।अवाप्य तां कर्म्ममहीमनन्तेतस्मिल्लयं ये त्वमलाः प्रयान्ति ॥जानीम नैतत् क्व वयं विलीनेस्वर्गप्रदे कर्म्मणि देहबन्धम् ।प्राप्स्याम धन्याः खलु ते मनुष्याये भारते नेन्द्रियविप्रहीनाः ॥नववर्षन्तु मैत्रेय ! जम्बुद्वीपमिदं मया ।लक्षयोजनविस्तारं संक्षेपात् कथितं तव ॥जम्बूद्बीपं समावृत्य लक्षयोजनविस्तरः ।मैत्रेय ! वलयाकारः स्थितः क्षारोदधिर्बहिः ॥”इति श्रीविष्णुपुराणे २ अंशे ३ अध्यायः ॥ * ॥आस्मिन् वर्षे जन्मकारणं तत्साफल्यञ्च यथा, –“शतजन्मतपः कृत्वा जन्मेदं भारते लभेत् ।करोति सफलं जन्म श्रुत्वा हरिकथामृतम् ॥अर्च्चनं वन्दनं मन्त्रजपः सेवनमेव च ।स्मरणं कीर्त्तनं शश्वद्गुणश्रवणमीप्सितम् ॥निवेदनं स्वस्य दास्यं नवधा भक्तिलक्षणम् ।करोति सफलं जन्म कृत्वैतानि च भारते ॥” * ॥अस्य पुण्यस्थलत्वं कर्म्मभूमित्वं परिमाणञ्चयथा, –“कर्म्मणां फलभोगश्च सर्व्वेषां सुरसुन्दरि ! ।नैव स्वर्गे न पाताले नान्यद्वीपे श्रुतौ श्रुतम् ॥कृत्वा शुभाशुभं कर्म्म पुण्यक्षेत्रे च भारते ।अन्यत्र तत्फलं भुङ्क्ते कर्म्मी कर्म्मनिबन्धनात् ॥हिमालयादासमुद्रं पुण्यक्षेत्रञ्च भारतम् ।श्रेष्ठं सर्व्वस्थलानाञ्च मुनीनाञ्च तपःस्थलम् ॥लब्ध्वा तत्र जन्म जीवो वञ्चोतो विष्णुमायया ।शश्वत् करोति विषयं विहाय सेवनं हरेः ॥कृत्वा तत्र महत् पुण्यं स्वर्गं गच्छति पुण्यवान् ।गृहीत्वा स्वर्गकन्याश्च चिरं स्वर्गे प्रमोदते ॥स्वर्गमागच्छति नरो विहाय मानवीं तनूम् ॥”इति ब्रह्मवैवर्त्तपुराणे श्रीकृष्णजन्मखण्डे । १ । ५९ ।अध्यायौ ॥

भारतः, पुं, (भरतस्य मुनेरयमिति । भरत +अण् ।) नटः । इति जटाधरः ॥ अग्निः ।इति त्रिकाण्डशेषः ॥ (भरतस्य गोत्रापत्य-मिति । भरत + अण् ।) भरतस्य गोत्रापत्यम् ॥(यथा, महाभारते । ३ । ११ । ७४ ।“तत्राश्रौषमहञ्चैतत् कर्म्म भीमस्य भारत ! ॥”)

भारतवर्षं, क्ली, (भारतं भरतसम्बन्धि वर्षमिति ।)जम्बुद्वीपस्य नववर्षान्तर्गतवर्षविशेषः । यथा, –“हिमाह्वं दक्षिणं वर्षं भरताय ददौ पिता ।तस्माच्च भारतं वर्षं तस्य नाम्ना महात्मनः ॥”तस्य नव भागा यथा, –“भारतस्यास्य वर्षस्य नवभेदान्निबोध मे ।समुद्रान्तरिता ज्ञेयास्ते त्वगम्याः परस्परम् ॥इन्द्रद्वीपः कसेरुश्च ताम्रवर्णो गभस्तिमान् ।नागद्वीपस्तथा सौम्यो गान्धर्व्वो वारुणस्तथा ॥अयन्तु नवमस्तेषां द्वीपः सागरसंवृतः ।योजनानां सहस्रं वै द्वीपोऽयं दक्षिणोत्तरात् ॥पूर्ब्बे किराता यस्यान्ते पश्चिमे यवनाः स्मृताः ।ब्राह्मणाः क्षत्त्रिया वैश्याः शूद्राश्चान्तःस्थिताद्विज ! ॥

इज्यायुद्धबणिज्याद्यैः कर्म्मभिः कृतपावनाः ।तेषां संव्यवहारश्च एभिः कर्म्मभिरिष्यते ॥स्वर्गापवर्गप्राप्तिश्च पुण्यं पापञ्च वै तथा ।महेन्द्रो मलयः सह्यः शुक्तिमानृक्षपर्व्वतः ॥बिन्ध्यश्च पारिपात्रश्च सप्तैवात्र कुलाचलाः ।तेषां सहस्रशश्चान्ये भूधरा ये समीपगाः ॥विस्तारोच्छ्रयिणो रम्या विपुलाश्चित्रसानवः ।कोलाहलः सवैभ्राजो मन्दरो दर्दुराचलः ॥वातन्धमो वैद्युतश्च मैनाकः सुरसस्तथा ।तुङ्गप्रस्थो नामगिरिर्गोधनः पाण्डुराचलः ॥पुष्पवीर्य्यजयन्तौ च रेवतोऽर्व्वुद एव च ।ऋष्यमूकः सगोमन्तः कूटशैलः कृतस्मरः ॥श्रीपर्व्वतश्चकोरश्च शतशोऽन्येऽल्पपर्व्वताः ।तैर्विमिश्रा जनपदा म्लेच्छाश्चार्य्याश्च भागशः ।तैः पीयन्ते सरिच्छ्रेष्ठा यास्ताः सम्यङ्निबोध मे ॥गङ्गा सरस्वती सिन्धुश्चन्द्रभागा तथापगा ।यमुना च शतद्रुश्च वितस्तैरावती कुहूः ॥गोमती धूतपापा च बाहुदा च दृषद्वती ।विपाशा देविका वङ्क्षुर्विशाला गण्डकी तथा ।कौशिकी चापरा विप्र ! हिमवत्पादनिःसृताः ॥वेदस्मृतिर्वेतसिनी रात्रिघ्नी सिन्धुरेव च ।वेण्वा च स्यन्दना चैव सवानीरा मही तथा ॥पारा चर्म्मण्वती लूपी विदिशा वेत्रवत्यपि ।सिप्रा ह्यवन्ती च तथा पारिपात्राश्रयाःस्मृताः ॥शोणो महानदश्चैव नर्म्मदा सुरसा क्रिया ।मन्दाकिनी दशार्णा च चित्रकूटा तथापगा ॥चित्रोत्पलाथ तमसा करतोया पिशाचिका ।तथान्या पिप्पला श्रोणी विपाशा वञ्जुला नदी ॥सरोरुजा शुक्तिमती मङ्गुली त्रिदिवा क्रतुः ।ऋक्षपादप्रसूता वै तथान्या वेगवाहिनी ॥शिप्रा पयोष्णी निर्बिन्ध्या तापी च निषधावती ।वेणा वैतरणी चैव शिनीवाली कुमुद्बती ॥तोया चैव महागौरी दुर्गा चान्तःशिवा तथा ।बिन्ध्यपादप्रसूतास्ता नद्यः पुण्यजलाः शुभाः ॥गोदावरी भीमरथी कृष्णवर्णा तथापगा ।तुङ्गभद्रा सुप्रयोगा वाह्या कावेय्यथापगा ।सह्यपादविनिष्क्रान्ता इमास्ताः सरिदुत्तमाः ॥कृतमाला ताम्रपर्णी पुष्यजात्युत्पलावती ।मलयाद्रिसमुद्भूता नद्यः शीतजलास्त्विमाः ॥पितृसोमर्षिकुल्या च इक्षला त्रिदिवालया ।लाङ्गूलिनी वंशकरा महेन्द्रप्रभवाः स्मृताः ॥ऋषिका च कुमारी च मन्दगा मन्दवासिनी ।कृशा पलाशिनी चैव शुक्तिमत्प्रभवाः स्मृताः ॥सर्व्वाः पुण्याः सरस्वत्यः सर्व्वा गङ्गाः समु-द्रगाः ।विश्वस्य मातरः सर्व्वाः सर्व्वाः पापहराःस्मृताः ॥अन्याः सहस्रशश्चोक्ताः क्षुद्रनद्यो द्विजोत्तम ! ।प्रावृट्कालवहाः सन्ति सर्व्वकालवहाश्च याः ॥मत्स्याः कुशूलाः कुल्याश्च कुन्तलाः काशिको-शलाः ॥अर्व्वुदाश्च पुलिङ्गाश्च समकाश्च वृकैः सह ।मध्यदेशे जनपदाः प्रायशोऽमी प्रकीर्त्तिताः ॥सह्यस्य चोत्तरेणैव यत्र गोदावरी नदी ।पृथिव्यामपि कृत्स्नायां स प्रदेशो मनोरमः ॥गोवर्द्धनपुरं रम्यं भार्गवस्य महात्मनः ।वाह्लीका वाटधानाश्च आभीराः कालतोयकाः ॥अपरान्ताश्च शूद्राश्च पह्नवाश्चर्म्मखण्डिकाः ।गान्धारा यवनाश्चैव सिन्धुसौवीरमद्रकाः ॥शतह्रदा ललित्थाश्च पारदाहारमूषिकाः ।माठरा रक्षहतकाः कैकया दशमानिकाः ॥क्षत्त्रियोपनिवेशाश्च वैश्यशूद्रकुलानि च ।काम्बोजा दरदाश्चैव वर्व्वरा ह्यङ्गलौकिकाः ॥नीचाश्चैव तुषाराश्च पह्नवा वाह्यतोदराः ।आत्रेयाः सभरद्वाजाः प्रस्थलाश्च दशेरकाः ॥लम्पकाः सूनकाराश्च चूलिका जाह्नवैः सह ।अपधाश्चालिमद्राश्च किरातानाञ्च जातयः ॥तामसा हंसमार्गाश्च का श्मीरास्तङ्गनास्तथा ।चूलिका हुडुकाश्चैव ऊर्णा दार्व्वास्तथैव च ॥ * ॥एते देशा ह्युदीच्यास्तु प्राच्यान् देशान्निबोध मे ।अन्ध्रवाका मुद्गरका अन्तर्गिरिबहिर्गिराः ॥तथा प्लवङ्गा वङ्गेया मलदा मलवर्त्तिकाः ।ब्रह्मोत्तराः प्रविजया भार्गवाङ्गेयमर्द्दकाः ॥प्राग्ज्योतिषाश्च मद्राञ्च विदेहास्ताम्रलिप्तकाः ।मल्वा मगधगोमेदाः प्राच्या जनपदाः स्मृताः ॥अथापरे जनपदा दक्षिणापथवासिनः ।पाण्ड्याश्च केरलाश्चैव चोलाः कुल्यास्तथैव च ॥सेतुका मूषिकाश्चैव कुमारा वानवासिकाः ।महाराष्ट्रा माहिषिकाः कलिङ्गाच्चैव सर्व्वशः ॥आभीराः सह चैषीका आटव्याः शवराश्च ये ।पुलिन्दा बिन्ध्यमालेया वैदर्भा दण्डकैः सह ॥पौरिका मौलिकाश्चैव अश्मका भोगवर्द्धनाः ।तैलिकाः कुन्तला ह्यन्धा उद्भिदा नाल-कारकाः ॥ * ॥दाक्षिणात्यास्त्विमे देशा अपरान्तान्निबोध मे ।सौर्पारकाः कालनदा दुल्लास्तालीयकैः सह ॥कारस्करा लोहजङ्घा वानेया राजभद्रकाः ।तोसलाः कोशलाश्चैव त्रैपुरा विदिशास्तथा ॥तुषारास्तुम्बराश्चैव पाटवो नैषधैः सह ।पुलिन्दाश्च सुशीलाश्च रूपपास्तामसैः सह ॥तथा कुरुमिणश्चैव सर्व्वे चैव करस्कराः ।नासिकाख्याश्च ये चान्ये ये चैवान्तरनर्म्मदाः ।मारुकच्छाः समाहेयाः सर्व्वे सारस्वतैः सह ।कच्छीयाश्च सुराष्ट्राश्च आवन्त्याश्चार्व्वुदैः सह ॥इत्येते ह्यपरान्ताश्च शृणु बिन्ध्यनिवासिनः ।मलजाश्च करूषाश्च मेकलाश्चोत्कलैः सह ॥उत्तमर्णा दशार्णाश्च भोजाः किस्किन्धकैः सह ।अनूपास्तुण्डिकेराश्च वीरहोत्रा ह्यवन्तयः ॥एते जनपदाः सर्व्वे बिन्ध्यपृष्ठनिवासिनः ॥अतो देशान् प्रवक्ष्यामि पर्व्वताश्रयिणश्च ये ॥ * ॥निर्हारा हंसमार्गाश्च कुपथास्तङ्गनाः खसाः ।कुत्साः प्रावरणाश्चैव ऊर्णा दर्व्वाः सहूहुकाः ॥त्रिगर्त्ता मालवाश्चैव किरातास्तामसैः सह ।कृतत्रेतादिकश्चात्र चतुर्युगकृतो विधिः ॥ * ॥एतत्तु भारतं वर्षं चतुःसंस्थानसंस्थितम् ॥दक्षिणे परतो ह्यस्य पूर्ब्बेण च महोदधिः ।हिमवानुत्तरेणास्य कार्मुकस्य यथा गुणः ॥तदेतद्भारतं वर्षं सर्व्वबीजं द्विजोत्तम ! ।देवत्वममरेशत्वं देवत्वं मर्त्यतां तथा ॥मृगपश्वम्बरचरा योनीस्तद्वत् सरीसृपाः ।स्थावराणाञ्च सर्व्वेषामतो ब्रह्मन् ! शुभाशुभैः ॥प्रयान्ति कर्म्मभूर्ब्रह्मन्नान्यलोकेषु विद्यते ।देवानामपि विप्रर्षे ! सदैवैष मनोरथः ॥अपि मानुषमाप्स्यामो देवत्वात् प्रच्युताःक्षितौ ।मनुष्याः कुरुते तत्तु यन्न शक्यं सुरासुरैः ॥स्वकर्म्मनिगडग्रस्तैः स्वकर्म्मक्षपणोत्सुकैः ।न किञ्चित् क्रियते कर्म्म सुखलेशोपबृंहितैः ॥”इति श्रीमार्कण्डेयपुराणे भारतखण्डवर्णन-नामाध्यायः ॥ ५७ ॥ * ॥ अपि च ।“भारतेऽप्यस्मिन् वर्षे सरिच्छैलाः सन्ति बहवः ।मलयो मङ्गलप्रस्थो नाकस्त्रिकूट ऋषभःकूटकः कोण्वः सह्यो देवगिरिरृष्यमूकःश्रीशैलो वेङ्कटो महेन्द्रो वारिधारो बिन्ध्यःशुक्तिमानृक्षगिरिः पारिपात्रो द्रोणश्चित्रकूटोगोवर्द्धनो रैवतकः ककुभो नीलो गोकामुखःइन्द्रकीलः कामगिरिरिति चान्ये शतसहस्रशःशैलास्तेषां नितम्बप्रभवा नदा नद्यश्च सन्त्यसं-ख्याताः । एतासामपो भारत्यः प्रजा नामभिरेवपुनन्तीनामात्मना चोपस्पृशन्ति चन्द्रवशाताम्रपर्णी अवटोदा कृतमाला वैहायसीकावेरी वेण्वा पयस्विनी शर्करावर्त्ता तुङ्गभद्राकृष्णवेण्वा भीमरथी गोदावरी र्बिन्ध्यापयोष्णो तापी रेवा सुरसा नर्म्मदा चर्म्मण्वतीअन्धः शोणश्च नदौ महानदी वेदस्मृतिरृषि-कुल्या त्रिसामा शिकी मन्दाकिनी यमुनासरस्वती दृशद्वती गोमती सरयूरोघवती षष्ठ-वती सप्तवती सुषोमा शतद्रुश्चन्द्रभागा मरुद्-वृधा वितस्ता असिक्नी विश्वेति महानद्यः ।अस्मिन्नेव वर्षे पुरुषैर्लब्धजन्मभिः शुक्ललोहित-कृष्णवर्णेन स्वारब्धेन कर्म्मणा दिव्यमानुषनारक-गतयो बह्व्य आत्मन आनुपूर्ब्ब्येण सर्व्वा ह्येवसर्व्वेषां विधीयन्ते । यथावर्णविधानमपवर्ग-श्चापि भवति । योऽसौ भगवति सर्व्वभूतात्मनिअनात्म्येऽनिरुक्तेऽनिलयने परमात्मनि वासुदेवेअनन्यनिमित्तभक्तियोगलक्षणो नानागति-निमित्ताविद्याग्रन्थिबन्धनद्वारेण यदा हि महा-पुरुषपूरुषप्रसङ्गः । एतदेव हि देवा गायन्ति ।“अहो वतैषां किमकारि शोभनंप्रसन्न एषां स्विदुत स्वयं हरिः ।यैर्जन्म लब्धं नृषु भारताजिरेमुकुन्दसेवौपयिकस्पृहा हि नः ॥किं दुष्करैर्न्नः क्रतुभिस्तषोव्रतै-र्दानादिभिर्वा द्युजयेन फल्गुना ।न यत्र नारायणपादपङ्कज-स्मृतिः प्रमुष्टातिशयेन्द्रियोत्सवात् ॥कल्पायुषां नजयात् पुनर्भवात्क्षणायुषां भारतभूजयो वरः ।क्षणेन मर्त्येन कृतं मनस्विनःसंन्यस्य संयान्त्यभयं पदं हरेः ॥न यत्र वैकुण्ठकथा सुधापगान साधवो भागवतास्तदाश्रयाः ।न यत्र यज्ञेशमखा महोत्सवाःसुरेशलोकोऽपि न वै स सेव्यताम् ॥प्राप्ता नृजातिन्त्विह ये च जन्तवोज्ञानक्रियाद्रव्यकलापसम्भृताम् ।न चेद्यतेरन्न पुनर्मृतायतेभूयो वनौका इव यान्ति बन्धनम् ।यैः श्रद्धया वर्हिषि भागशो हवि-र्निरुप्तमिष्टं विधिमन्त्रवस्तुतः ।एकः पृथङ्नामभिराहुतो मुदागृह्णाति पूर्णः स्वयमाशिषां प्रभुः ॥सत्यं दिशत्यर्थितमर्थितो नृणांनैवार्थदो यत् पुनरर्थिता यतः ।म्वयं विधत्ते भजतामनिच्छता-मिच्छापिधानं निजपादपल्लवम् ॥यद्यत्र नः स्वर्गसुखावशेषितंस्विष्टस्य सूक्तस्य कृतस्य शोभनम् ।तेनाजनाभे स्मृतिमज्जन्मनः स्या-द्वर्षे हरिर्यद्भजतां शं तनोति ॥”श्रीशुक उवाच । जम्बूद्वीपस्य च राजन्नुपद्बीपा-नष्टौ हैक उपदिशन्ति सागरात्मजैरश्वान्वेषणइमां महीं परितो निखनद्भिरुपकल्पितान् ।तद्यथा । स्वर्णप्रस्थश्चन्द्रशुक्ल आवर्त्तनो रमणकोनन्दहरिणः पाञ्चजन्यः हलो लङ्केति । एवंतव भारतोत्तमजम्बुद्वीपवर्षविभागो यथोप-देशमुपवर्णितः ।” इति श्रीभागवते महापुराणे५ स्कन्धे द्वीपवर्षवर्णनं नाम १९ अध्यायः ॥(विष्णुपुराणे च । २ अंशे ३ अध्याये ।“उत्तरं यत् समुद्रस्य हिमाद्रेश्चैव दक्षिणम् ।वर्षं तत् भारतं नाम भारती यत्र सन्ततिः ॥ १ ॥नवयोजनसाहस्रो विस्तारोऽस्य महामुने ! ।कर्म्मभूमिरियं स्वर्गमपवर्गञ्च गच्छताम् ॥” २ ॥अपरञ्च ।“अतः संप्राप्यते स्वर्गो मुक्तिमस्मात् प्रयान्ति वै ।तिर्य्यक्त्वं नरकञ्चापि यान्त्यतः पुरुषा मुने ! ॥ ४ ॥इतः स्वर्गश्च मोक्षश्च मध्यमन्तश्च गम्यते ।नखल्वन्यत्र मर्त्त्यानां कर्म्मभूमौ विधीयते ॥” ५ ॥अपि च ।“चत्वारि भारते वर्षे युगान्यत्र महामुने ! ।कृतं त्रेता द्वापरञ्च कलिश्चान्यत्र न क्वचित् ॥ १९ ॥तपस्तप्यन्ति मुनयो जुह्वते चात्र यज्विनः ।दानानि चात्र दीयन्ते परलोकार्थमादरात् ॥” २० ॥“अत्रापि भारतं श्रेष्ठं जम्बुद्वीपे महामुने ! ।यतो हि कर्म्मभूरेषा ततोऽन्या भोगभूमयः ॥ २२ ॥अत्र जन्म सहस्राणां सहस्रैरपि सत्तम ! ।कदाचिल्लभते जन्तुर्मानुष्यं पुण्यसञ्चयात् ॥ २३ ॥गायन्ति देवाः किल गीतकानिधन्यास्तु ते भारतभूमिभागे ।स्वर्गापवर्गास्पदमार्गभूतेभवन्ति भूयः पुरुषाः सुरत्वात् ॥ २४ ॥कर्म्माण्यसङ्कल्पिततत्फलानिसंन्यस्य विष्णौ परमात्मभूते ।अवाप्य तां कर्म्म महीमनन्तेतस्मिल्लयं येत्वमलाः प्रयान्ति ॥ २५ ॥जानीम नैतत् क्व वयं विलीनेस्वर्गप्रदे कर्म्मणि देहबन्धम् ।प्राप्स्याम धन्याः खलु ते मनुष्याये भारते नेन्द्रियविप्रहीनाः ॥” २६ ॥)

भारती, स्त्री, (भृ + अतच् । स्त्रियां ङीप् ।)वचनम् । (यथा, कुमारे । ६ । ७९ ।“तमर्थमिव भारत्या सुतया योक्तुमर्हसि ॥”)सरस्वती । (यथा, कालिदासः ।“वीणापुस्तकरञ्जितहस्तेभगवति भारति देवि ! नमस्ते ॥”)पक्षिभेदः । वृत्तिभेदः । इति मेदिनी । ने,१३८ ॥ यथा, –“शृङ्गारे कौशिकी वीरे सात्वत्यारभटी पुनः ।रसे रौद्रे च वीभत्से वृत्तिः सर्व्वत्र भारती ॥”भारती वृत्तिस्तु भारती संस्कृतप्रायो वाग्-व्यापारो नराश्रयः । इति साहित्यदर्पणस्य ६परिच्छेदः ॥ ब्राह्मी । इति राजनिर्घण्टः ॥(शङ्कराचार्य्यशिष्यतोटकस्य शिष्याणामन्य-तमस्य उपाधिविशेषः । यथा, प्राणतोषिण्या-मवधूतप्रकरणे ।“विद्याभारेण सम्पूर्णः सर्व्वभारं परित्यजेत् ।दुःखभारं न जानाति भारती परिकीर्त्तिता ॥”नदीविशेषः । यथा, महाभारते । ३ । २२१ । २५ ।“भारती सुप्रयोगा च कावेरी मुर्म्मुरायथा ॥”)

https://sa.wikisource.org/wiki/शब्दकल्पद्रुमः/

Total Occurrences Name Occurrences in the 18 Books of Mahabharata
1 Abhasuras 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Abhighatas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 Abhiras 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0
1 Abhisaras 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Abhisars 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Abhishahas 0 0 0 0 0 3 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Adhirajas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Adhirjayas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Agneyas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Agnihotris 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Agnirasa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Agniswattas 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ahikshatras 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ahivradnas 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 Aila 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 3 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ailas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aila’s 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ajaikapats 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ajaneyas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Ajas 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Akrishtas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Alidas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Amarathas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Amvashta 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Amvashtas 0 2 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Amvashtha 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 Amvashthas 0 0 0 0 1 2 9 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Amvastas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Anandayasas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Anartas 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Anarttas 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
37 Andhaka 7 2 3 1 0 0 6 3 1 1 0 1 4 2 0 5 1 0
69 Andhakas 9 2 7 0 13 1 7 1 0 0 0 3 0 3 0 22 0 1
2 Andhaka-Vrishnis 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Andhas 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Andhhas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Andhra 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
2 Andhrakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 Andhras 0 1 0 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
1 Andrakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Angamalajas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Angara 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Angara-marishas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Angaras 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
52 Angas 6 2 7 0 1 2 6 10 0 0 0 10 7 1 0 0 0 0
1 Anga’s 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Anupakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Anupavrittas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aparantas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Apavahas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Aratta 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Arattas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Aratta-Vahikas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Archishmats 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Arhas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Arsha 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
8 Artayani 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Arvukas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aryan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
1 Aryans 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aryas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Asmakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Asmakuttas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Asmkuttas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aswakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aswakranda 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aswalakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Atavisikharas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Audumvaras 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aundras 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aurasikas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Aushmikas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Avantis 0 0 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Avasiras 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Avimudas 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ayogas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Bahlika 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Bahlikas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Bangas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
5 Barbaras 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Bhadrakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Bhadras 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2261 Bharata 204 157 398 48 200 273 223 164 106 18 26 208 132 37 21 6 2 38
418 Bharatas 19 12 59 9 44 57 41 22 24 4 10 29 41 9 4 5 9 20
668 Bharata’s 69 0 43 2 61 115 73 43 66 5 0 73 73 27 18 0 0 0
1 Bharats 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Bharat’s 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Bhargas 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Bharta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Bhogins 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
44 Bhoja 2 4 2 1 6 2 9 5 1 4 0 1 0 4 0 3 0 0
66 Bhojas 8 5 2 0 4 1 19 10 2 3 0 5 0 0 0 6 0 1
3 Bhoja’s 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Bhoja-troops 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Bhutas 0 0 1 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 0
1 Brahma-Rakshasas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Brahmasatris 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Brahma-Vasatiya 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
29 Cedis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23 3 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chaineyas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Chakras 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chandra-batsyas 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Charmamandalas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Charnas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chaturvedas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chauras 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
102 Chedis 3 9 5 0 21 19 41 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 0
1 Chedis’ 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chichilas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Chinas 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Chins 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chitrakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chitrasikhandins 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chivukas 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Cholas 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chuchukas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Chulikas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 Danda 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
3 Dandakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dantolakhalinas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dantolukhalas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
3 Darada 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 Daradas 0 2 1 0 1 2 7 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Daravas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dardas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Darsakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Darunas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Darvabhisaras 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Darvas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Darvis 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dasa 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dasamalikas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dasamiyas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dasaraha 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
27 Dasarha 5 5 6 1 6 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
9 Dasarhas 1 1 2 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
64 Dasarha’s 1 0 0 0 36 0 20 0 3 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 0
25 Dasarnakas 0 0 0 0 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dasarnaka’s 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 Dasarnas 0 3 2 1 1 7 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
4 Daserakas 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Daserkas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Dasharha 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Dasharhas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 Dasharha’s 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dasharnas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dauvalikas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 Deities 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 9 0 0 0 0 0
1 Deity’s 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dhurandharas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dhwajinis 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dikpali 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Diptakshas 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dirghavenus 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 Dravidas 1 2 1 0 3 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0
2 Dundubhas 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Durgalas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Durvibhagas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Dwarapala 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 Easterners 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 4 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ekasanas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ekasringras 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
17 Ganas 4 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 8 2 0 0 0 0
1 Gandakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Gandharakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 Gandharas 0 0 0 0 3 3 5 7 4 0 0 1 0 9 0 1 0 0
3 Gandharis 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
1 Garhapattyas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 Gautami 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 12 0 0 0 0 0
1 Gayas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Gharanas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ghorakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ghritapas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Gomantas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Gopalas 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Gopalkacchas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Goparashtras 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Gopas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Gopayana 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Govasana 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Govasanas 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Govasas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 Haihaya 1 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 6 0 0 0 0 0
17 Haihayas 2 0 2 0 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 7 3 0 0 0 0 0
1 Hangsapadas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Hansakayanas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Hansamargas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Hansas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
3 Harahunas 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Haya 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Hayaraja 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Heramvaks 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Hunas 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Ijakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 Ikshvaku 6 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 7 1 0 0 0 0 0
3 Ikshvakus 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
11 Ikshvaku’s 1 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
14 Ikshwaku 1 1 6 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0 0 0
1 Ikshwakus 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Ikshwaku’s 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
1 Ikswaku 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Iri 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Iskshaku’s 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jagudas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jalas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jambhaka 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Jamvaka 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Jamvuman 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jamvuvan 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jangalas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jarttikas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jatharas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jays 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Jhillikas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kacchas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 Kaikaya 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 Kaikayas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 Kaikeya 0 0 1 0 0 3 3 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
57 Kaikeyas 0 2 3 0 0 6 30 10 2 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kailkeyas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kairata 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kairatas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kaitavas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kaitavyas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kaivartas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kakshas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kalajoshakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kalamukhas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kalavas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kalayavana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kalikayas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kalikeya 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Kalikeyas 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kalindas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
87 Kalingas 2 2 1 0 6 48 14 8 1 0 1 1 2 0 0 1 0 0
1 Kamathas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kamavojas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Kambhojas 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 Kambojas 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 8 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
58 Kamvojas 1 0 1 0 7 15 30 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kanadas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Kanakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7 Kanchis 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0
21 Kankas 0 1 0 0 1 1 9 5 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kankutakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kantarakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kanyakagunas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kapalikas 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
15 Kapas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karahatakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karakarsa 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karamanjakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karanatakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karashakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karaskaras 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karatas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karishakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karityas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karkakhandas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karkotakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karnapravaranas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karnapravarnas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karnatas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karu 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karukas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karu’s 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
1 Karusas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Karushakas 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 Karushas 0 1 1 0 2 8 5 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Karvatas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kasapaundras 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kasayas 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kashmerean 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Kashmiras 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kasmirakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Kasmiras 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kata 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 Katirava 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kaukuras 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kaundivrishas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 Kaunteya 0 0 8 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Kaunteyas 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
270 Kaurava 17 4 16 5 24 34 71 48 31 1 1 0 0 12 5 0 1 0
457 Kauravas 26 23 23 28 53 66 102 83 28 1 5 3 3 8 5 0 0 0
3 Kauraveya 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Kaurva 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kaurvas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Kaushika 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kausijas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kausikas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
52 Kekayas 0 0 2 0 10 18 16 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
3 Kekaya’s 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kerakas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Keralas 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Khalins 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
1 Khandavas 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Khandavayamas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10 Khasas 1 0 0 0 2 0 2 4 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Khashas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Khasiras 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
114 Kichaka 1 1 0 106 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
13 Kichakas 2 0 0 10 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 Kichaka’s 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
20 Kirata 0 0 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 Kiratas 1 7 4 0 2 5 6 2 0 0 0 2 2 2 0 0 0 0
1 Kirata’s 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Kitavas 0 1 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kokarakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kokonadas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kolisarpas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Konwasiras 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
32 Kosalas 0 3 1 0 2 9 9 3 0 0 2 0 1 2 0 0 0 0
4 Koshalas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kosolas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kratha-Kausikas 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Krathanaka 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Krathas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Krausha 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kravyads 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Krimis 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Krittakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kruras 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kruru 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Kshudraka-Malavas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Kshudrakas 0 1 0 0 0 3 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Kukkura 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
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25 Sura 7 1 4 0 2 0 4 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 0 1 0 0
8 Suras 0 1 1 0 2 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
4 Sura’s 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
23 Surasenas 0 2 0 0 1 7 9 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
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2 Suviras 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Suyamas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
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1 Tridasas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 Trigarta 1 1 1 4 2 3 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0
101 Trigartas 2 3 3 28 4 25 18 6 7 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
3 Trigarta’s 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Tripuras 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Trisuparna 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
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2 Vabhravya 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
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24 Vahikas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 Vahlika 0 3 3 1 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Vahlikas 0 2 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
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8 Vaikhanasas 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 0
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1 Vaiswas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Vaivaswata 0 0 5 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0
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1 Vakratapas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Valabhadras 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
67 Valhika 11 8 0 0 2 17 19 0 1 0 0 1 3 0 5 0 0 0
26 Valhikas 5 2 1 0 0 7 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Valhika’s 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Valihas 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Valkalas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vallavas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Valmiki 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vamanas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Vanaprasthas 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vanavadarvas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vanavashikas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 Vangas 0 2 1 0 0 5 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Varatrasyas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Varhishadas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
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21 Varshneya 0 0 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
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1 Varvaras 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
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1 Vasatas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
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1 Venupas 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Verhishada 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 Vidarbhas 0 0 28 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vidarbha’s 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33 Videhas 1 2 0 0 1 2 2 3 0 0 0 20 2 0 0 0 0 0
3 Vidharbhas 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vidharva’s 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vijayas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vikalpas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vikunjas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vinayakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vindhyachulakas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vipa 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Virakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vitahotras 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Vodhas 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vratyas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Vrikas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 Vrishalas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
1 Vrishinis 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
174 Vrishni 28 16 23 1 17 11 34 5 1 2 0 1 0 16 0 18 1 0
2 Vrishni-Andhaka 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
199 Vrishnis 15 8 25 2 30 4 31 4 2 1 5 8 1 10 2 48 2 1
111 Vrishni’s 2 0 0 0 23 17 30 10 7 1 0 7 3 11 0 0 0 0
7 Westerners 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Whites 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 Yadava 6 5 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 9 2 0 2 1 0
1 Yadava-fire 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
68 Yadavas 8 10 6 2 11 2 3 1 3 2 1 7 3 2 0 7 0 0
40 Yadus 4 2 3 0 0 4 2 5 6 0 0 5 1 2 0 5 1 0
48 Yadu’s 0 0 1 0 2 2 4 2 15 4 0 5 6 5 2 0 0 0
2 Yajakas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
1 Yakrillomans 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Yamunas 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Yaudheyas 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Yavana 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
47 Yavanas 5 6 3 0 2 5 15 3 3 0 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0
1 Yayavara 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 Yayavaras 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
1 Yodhyas 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Yogas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
1 Yotis 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

http://ancientvoice.wikidot.com/mbh-category:tribe-generic

https://www.academia.edu/30079634/Identifying_Bharatam_Janam_of_ca._8_th_millennium_BCE_Data_mining

S. Kalyanaraman

Sarasvati Research Center  November 26, 2016

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